Understanding pediatric appendicitis: A-mini review

Authors

  • Mustafa Atan
  • Serkan Arslan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8184118

Keywords:

Abdominal pain, appendectomy, appendicitis, children

Abstract

Appendicitis, an inflammation of the appendix, is a common surgical emergency in children, with symptoms ranging from abdominal pain and fever to changes in bowel movements and appetite. Diagnosing pediatric appendicitis can be challenging due to symptom variability and the difficulty children may have in articulating pain. However, prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoid severe complications like gangrene or perforation. The condition is usually caused by blockage in the appendix due to hardened stool, swollen lymphoid tissues from infections, or, rarely, foreign bodies. Diagnosis typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests including blood counts, urinalysis, and imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scans, or MRI.

Treatment primarily involves an appendectomy, either through open surgery or a laparoscopic approach, with the latter now considered the gold standard due to benefits like less post-operative pain and shorter recovery time. In some cases of uncomplicated appendicitis, non-operative management with antibiotics and close monitoring may be pursued, although there's a risk of recurrence.

Postoperative care is vital and includes pain management, wound care, a gradual return to a normal diet, and a cautious return to physical activities. Despite the commonality of pediatric appendicitis, swift action in diagnosis and intervention, coupled with proper post-operative care, ensures a complete recovery and normal continuation of growth and development.

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Published

2023-07-25

How to Cite

1.
Atan M, Arslan S. Understanding pediatric appendicitis: A-mini review. Unicos Rev [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 25 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];2(2):26-9. Available from: https://unicosreview.com/index.php/review/article/view/14